Rise of the Robots, A New Reality

A couple years ago I came to the realization that robots will start to displace humans faster than we can create new jobs for humans.  In fact, it may already be happening.  This is a highly debated topic, so don’t take my word for it.  If you remember I spoke of basic income when I said Uber and Lyft are playing for the long run when they can replace all the drivers with automated cars.  Well this article is going to be scary because the future often is, but hopefully you will be enlightened.  Rise of the Robots is a book about how robots will replace us at such a rate that we will have to rethink our relationship with work.  Many manufacturing jobs have been eliminated by robots, but so many other jobs we once considered safe are going away as well.

Journalists

Articles are already being written by robots.  One company, Quill provides services to automate articles.  It can easily write articles about sports, take in information to make reports, and likely is writing things we already read, but believe are written by a human.  One example would be a report for an earthquake.  A human would need to be present to feel the earthquake, wake up, look up details, and then quickly publish something.  A computer can always be tracking the earth’s vibrations and once a threshold is passed it can submit an article with graphs and be the first one to report it.

Stock traders

You may have heard that the majority of stock transactions are performed by high frequency traders.  These are algorithms programmed to profit by making split second decisions.  Fractions of a second are so valuable that the firms have tried to get as close to the exchanges as possible.  The algorithms compete with each other and even try to deceive each other to the point where what they are doing is incomprehensible to humans.

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Donations and Taxes

Tax day came late this year, April 18th.  Fortunately, I have submitted everything.  And there was a whole lot to submit this year with earnings from Lyft, internet reselling, and bank bonuses.  One new thing this year was that I was able to itemize deductions which was another form but reduced my taxes.

How donations work

People sometimes say ridiculous things like of course she donates, she can write it off on her taxes.  Well, what does this mean?  If you donate $1 do you save $1?  Obviously not, otherwise we could all donate our entire incomes and still have the same amount of money.  What the donation does is lower your taxable income.  Say your income was $80,000 and your tax bracket is 20%.  If you donate $1 then your taxes will go down by 20 cents.  Therefore it “costs” you 80 cents to donate a dollar.  In some people’s extreme tax situations they may be at a 50% effective rate and therefore donating $1 “costs” 50 cents.  Donating is still coming out of your pocket and is not done selfishly.

Tax mechanics of donations

Donations are considered under itemized deductions.  The government allows you to take either itemized or a standard deduction.  The standard deduction is $6,300 per person.  So even if you donated $6,000 you would still take the standard deduction and therefore each $1 is “costing” you $1.  However, there are many things also included in the itemized deduction such as mortgage interest.  If you have a sizable mortgage then you may be better off with itemized deductions.  Either way, calculate both ways and take the larger amount.

Cash is obviously deductible, but so is giving stuff away.  Last year we donated so much stuff to the Goodwill because we moved at least twice including to Taiwan and Lisbon.  One good thing about moving is you get rid of a ton of stuff, sell some, and then throw out your back moving everything else.  Having a Kindle is great because I can stop collecting books.

Conclusion

Donations may not help reduce your taxes, but they will likely help the organization you give to.  One such group I support is Compassion which helps poor children.  I even get to write to and receive letters from to the child in Peru I sponsor.  However, whatever organization you plan to give to please research so you know how your gift will be used.  As an American I have so much and feel that sharing the abundance with others much less fortunate is a great use of my money.

This entry was posted in Taxes.

Geographic Arbitrage

Many of my articles have touched on this topic, but I don’t think I have written about it directly.  Arbitrage is the action of taking advantage of differences in prices in different marketplaces to make money.  I have done so with Sears.  However, it need not apply solely to business, but we can use it in our lives.  Since most things cost different amounts in different places, it is possible to take advantage of the discrepancies.

Living Expenses

You probably already practice geographic arbitrage without even realizing it.  If you choose the commute to work then you are probably living outside the city center.  Maybe you want more space or to pay less rent, but it is clear that the closer to the city center the more expensive it will be.

The cost of living is extremely different if you live in London versus Tainan.  However, moving just to save money will not make sense unless you can keep the other factors of your life the same.  If you work remotely, great, you could live anywhere!  Another type of person this would work for is a retiree.  Even with very little savings and a $1,000 a month Social Security check, a retiree could live in many places and have a good quality of life.

Education

I am doing a 1-year MBA in Europe for less than half the price of doing of a comparable program in the US.  I perceive the benefits to be even greater because I get to improve my foreign language skills and it is eight months shorter than US programs.

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Stay Away From the Bay

Why would I give you such a message?  Well, the cost of living in the Bay area is much too high to save a large portion of your income.  As you may know it is not how much you make that counts, it is how much you save.  I wrote last time how it was frugality that mattered.  Earning $500,000 can still feel like you are barely scraping by.  So let’s use a scenario where you are working in Houston and are offered a promotion to headquarters in San Francisco with a nice $15,000 raise (25%) to $75,000.  Should you take it?

Taxes

One of the biggest expenses for a household will be income taxes.  In Texas, with a $60,000 income you were paying $8,145 in federal taxes and $0 in state income taxes.  However, moving to California with your new salary puts you at $11,895 for federal taxes and around $4,000 in state income taxes.  So your $15,000 raise is reduced by $7,750 in additional taxes, but it’s OK because you are still up $7,250 right?

Housing

Excited by all the extra money you are going to make you move out of your $1,245 a month place in Houston and show up in SF after two days of driving.  You are shocked when you go on a tour of a place similar to the one you had and the rent is $3,590.  You obviously can’t afford that, so you decide to rent a bedroom in with a friend who has a two bedroom.  He is a nice guy and gives you a discount, only $2,000 a month.  So instead of paying around $15,000 a year for rent you are up to $24,000 and you are sharing a place.  You were $7,250 ahead after taxes, but with $9,000 more in rent you are now $2,750 behind after rent.  But it is fine because you are living in such a cool place?

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The Millionaire Next Door Lessons

I recently purchased a Kindle because my wife was reading so many books on her phone that she was borrowing from the library.  I used $80 of Staples credits I got from ink recycling and then spent $20 of my Discover rewards to get a $25 gift card.  The Kindle was on sale for $100, so now I have a sweet $20 Kindle.  Many months ago I started the Millionaire Next Door, but this weekend I went to Morocco, started an Instagram, and finished the book.  Here are some of the lessons I learned.

Lifestyles of the wealthy

When you think wealthy you may think of fancy cars and a big house.  However, this lifestyle is very expensive to maintain and is often financed.  Many of these people do not have much wealth, but have a high income and spend all of it. Wealthy people often live in neighborhoods with middle class people and don’t show off their wealth.

It’s about frugality

What being wealthy comes down to is frugality.  There are people who make $500,000 a year and struggle to make payments on their cars because they have so many expenses like country clubs, private schools, and timeshares.  Being frugal allows you to have a higher savings rate and retire earlier.  If you make $50,000 after taxes, spent $45,000, and save $5,000 (10%) then you need to work 9 years to save enough for one year of expenses.  However, if you can trim a bit and only spend $40,000 then you only have to work 4 years to save enough for one year of expenses.  Taken it even further if you could save 50%, each year you are saving enough to pay for another year.  Combine this with investments and you can see how growing your wealth and early retirement works.

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Spent over $100 on Skincare

And apparently I got a deal!

Little did I know that women use a lot of skincare products until I got married.  There are “routines” to be followed with products like toners, cleansers, serums, and moisturizers.  But you’re likely a woman and know this, so let’s move on to how we can get the best deal possible.

What I got

My wife wanted the pictured product, a serum that costs 122 bucks for 3.4 fluid ounces.  A gallon of this stuff would cost $4,600!  There are two smaller sizes, such as a 1 ounce which is $46 but that is even more pricey per ounce.  So why did I give in?  Well, I’ll explain.  I’m taking a course in Marketing and know the Kiehl’s is a premium product and likely has an 80% margin.  This means that they will try not to do discounts, however, they may try other promotions.  This week was such a promotion with a full-sized cleanser and 4 larger samples (yes samples are valuable too) with purchases over $100.  Then I checked the shopping portals and noticed that British Airways had double points meaning I could get 24 points per dollar, almost 3,000 total ($45 value in my book).

How you could do better

I was almost able to get an addition $16 off by purchasing a Kiehl’s gift card from SaveYa.  However, they flagged my account as suspicious, probably since I was trying to buy dollar-denominated gift cards from Europe, and I was unable to make the purchase.  I also joined the Kiehl’s Rewards program which will give me $10 in credit at some point for this purchase.  I don’t know what my wife will need by then because 3.4 fl oz should last 10 years right?

Conclusion

I love to be frugal and could probably use Boraxo to clean myself.  However, I’m not going to mandate that my wife can’t have any beauty products.  Life is more than just money.  We don’t have to spend it all to be happy, nor do we need to save it all.  Find a healthy balance that works for you and hopefully your money will be working for you rather than you chasing after the money.

Looks Like Women Like My Advice

It appears that women are going to be the rich ones of the future because among my Facebook fans 69% of them are women.  Back in high school, my English teacher said that women rule the world.  I disagreed pointing at the Wall Street Journal I carried everywhere showing him Bernanke, Obama, Buffet, and other men.  He said I would come back within ten years and admit that he was right.  Nine years later I went back and told him he was right.  The Fed Chair is now Janet Yellen, I am married, and Hillary was almost president.  So I guess it shouldn’t be surprising more women are reading my advice and saving money.  So now I have to think of a way to talk to my female audience.

Women’s Products

You may have noticed that there are products made just for women.  This could be clothing, deodorant, or even the notorious Bic for Her pens.  A study found that among a basket of 800 products in the UK those targeted to women were 7% more expensive.  I am going to recommend considering men’s products, but probably not for dresses.  I have used women’s stick deodorant and didn’t notice any difference and I suspect it is the same as men’s in a smaller package.  Perhaps I missed out on women flocking to me as the Axe commercials show, but I don’t need that.  A razor will cut hair whether it is pink or black.

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Living in Lisbon

I have said in the last few articles that I have been living in Europe.  The city is Lisbon, one of the cheapest capitals in Europe.  It has a great quality of life and it is pretty cheap to live here.  It is not nearly a cheap as Tainan, but it certainly blows away the high cost of living in Orange County.  Today I will give you some of the costs of living here and point you to a website I thoroughly enjoy, The Earth Awaits.

The Earth Awaits (TEA)



As you can see, living is Lisbon cost less than half of what it does in Irvine, where I was living before.  It can often be difficult to gauge the cost of living before going somewhere.  But with TEA you can input your lifestyle and get a reasonable estimate for the cost of living elsewhere.  This is great if you are thinking of working abroad, hoping to retire somewhere where you can live more comfortably, or maybe you have another idea.  I’d definitely recommend trying it out.

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